What is thalassemia?

Thalassemia is a combination of blood diseases caused by irregular hemoglobin production.  Hemoglobin is a protein found in red microbes that make up the body.  They work to bring oxygen to the body. Thalassemia is also a hereditary anemia.  The disease is found in the Middle East, Africa or Asia. There are many types of thalassemia.  It can range from asymptomatic to fatal  If you have mild thalassemia, it means you are carrying the disease and yours  Red blood cells are smaller than normal, but you are healthy. Thalassemia major can be fatal.  People with Alpha Thalassemia Major die in infancy  Beta thalassemia requires constant blood transfusions.  The second a  There are also types that are not very severe. The symptoms of thalassemia are different

Symptoms of thalassemia major begin in newborns, similar to those of anemia patients.  Are the same as:

Yellowing of the skin

Fatigue

Weakness

Difficulty breathing

There may be other symptoms as well:

Irritability

Jaundice

Decreased growth

Abnormal enlargement of the abdomen

Terra pin of the facial bone

Dark urine

Reasons

The disorder in the blood is caused by a defect in a gene that produces hemoglobin  Children inherit this gene from one or both parents.  If a child inherits a bad gene from both parents, he or she has major thalassemia  If one of the two takes it from the parents, then he gets thalassemia minor. Then this child is bad.  Jane has a career.

Hereditary son thalassemia

In this example, both parents are carriers of son thalassemia.  They may also be anemic.  Their children can inherit one, two or three copies. If a child inherits a copy of this gene, it becomes a career similar to that of their parents.  If a child inherits two copies, he or she has beta thalassemia [ie, severe or mild anemia].

How can a doctor help a child with thalassemia?

Whatever signs and symptoms you have seen in your child, they are  Tell your doctor that the disease can be diagnosed only after a blood test.  Thalassemia Minor does not require any treatment, while Thalassemia Major does not require any treatment.  The blood needs to be changed every month, which increases the amount of iron in the blood  And there is a risk of liver damage  Medications are given to relieve iron deficiency  Is done.

Avoid

People with any form of thalassemia need genetic counseling before birth.  Tests can also be done

Complications

Disorders can lead to stones in the leaves of a child with a blood disorder  If left untreated, it can lead to heart failure  Going or getting an infection can lead to death when treatment begins  The biggest complication is having too much iron in the blood.

When to seek medical help

If your child has symptoms of anemia, see your child’s doctor immediately  If you have a family history of thalassemia  It is also important to get your blood tested, which means you are a carrier

Key points

Thalassemia is a blood disorder caused by a defect in a gene that  That produces hemoglobin.

Thalassemia is a hereditary anemia found in the Middle East, Africa or Asia.  Is

Children with thalassemia appear yellow and have difficulty breathing  Is

Thalassemia major requires a blood transfusion every month